Putting the Discrepancy Model to Rest

Posted on December 12, 2011

A BETTER EDUCATION FOR EVERY CHILD: THE DILEMMA FOR TEACHERS OF CULTURALLY AND LINGUISTICALLY DIVERSE STUDENTS

Increasing student diversity combined with high standards for student achievement presents a dilemma for teachers, recipe since schools must make certain that all students meet these standards. Unfortunately, try most teachers continue to believe that “good teaching is good teaching,” even though research suggests that “good teaching” in one cultural context may not transfer to another. Several examples of effective practice are provided to demonstrate that teachers must develop a number of essential skills, including ethnographic and analytical abilities, in order to gain cultural insights and connect with their students. In addition, five guiding questions are provided to help educators complement constructivist approaches to learning with sociocultural understandings of students’ needs. Access this full report HERE>

 
Intelligent Thinking vs. Intelligence Testing

Much has been written during the past three decades about approaches to evaluation and decision-making regarding who does and does not qualify for the classification of specific learning disabilities (LD). The vast majority of students who have undergone assessments to determine eligibility under the LD category have been subject to a battery of tests, pill most often administered by individuals who had:

  • no first-hand knowledge of their instructional experiences in school
  • limited access to parents and subject-area teachers
  • some information about scores of different sorts (report cards, approved standardized assessments)
  • little or no qualitative and quantitative information about performance on subject area tests, projects, homework, and participation in classroom discussions

I believe that a combination of common sense and the momentum behind the Response-to-Intervention movement is beginning to have a dramatic (and positive) effect on how we think about LD and how students who struggle with learning receive the instructional and behavioral supports and services they need to be successful learners. Of the many still unresolved issues related to LD identification, one seems to loom larger than others. Simply stated, what role, if any, should intelligence testing play in the determination of LD status?

Author: Sheldon Horowitz

Read more HERE>